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Study Tips

Different Ways to be Assessed

  • Written test
  • Oral test
  • Portfolio or project
  • Performance test
  • Informal questioning
  • Observation
You can be assessed in many ways... here are some!
  • List
  • Advantages/disadvantages…
  • One word answers
  • Short paragraphs
  • Complete the sentence
  • Multiple-choice
  • True/false
  • Matching columns
  • Place in the correct order
  • Give examples
  • Summarize
  • What is meant by?
  • Identify the answer
  • Test words e.g. explain, define, quote, etc.
  • The answer is…
  • Oral testing
  • Role play
  • Assignments
  • Cross word puzzles
  • Word searches
  • Missing words
  • Give reasons…
  • Find in the passage
  • Label diagrams
  • Questionnaire format/checklist

  1. Exam answers must be set out neatly and clearly. There should be adequate spacing and the size of the writing should be easily read.
  2. Check for errors in spelling and grammar, these confuse markers.
  3. Keep one mark per fact required, it is always better to give more information than less.
  4. If you make errors, cross them out clearly and start again.
  5. Number your work correctly.
  6. When completing answers always have the relevant passage open for reference.
  7. Ensure answers are clear, unambiguous and provide detail.
  8. Break down answers into sub-sections in order to get your meaning across.
  9. Use language which is simple, ensure test vocab is understood.
  10. Read all the questions through before you answer to avoid giving the wrong information. Then read the paper again, underline highlight or circle where you feel information will be important.
Test Vocabulary
  • Testing Knowledge
  1. Arrange - place in correct order
  2. Define - give definition and critical features
  3. Label - write name of
  4. List - in order
  5. Memorize - remember exactly
  6. Name - give name for
  7. Order - list for a reason
  8. Recognize - find and identify
  9. Relate - tell/show connection in own words
  10. Repeat, recall - tell again exactly
  11. Reproduce, duplicate - copy (may use own words)
  • Testing Comprehension
  1. Classify - list according to a directory
  2. Describe - show critical features or account of events
  3. Discuss - debate objectively (use facts)
  4. Explain - give detail and reason
  5. Express - to make your meaning and thoughts known
  6. Identify - find, discover (the individuality)
  7. Indicate - show, prove
  8. Locate - find
  9. Recognize - identify, see and remember
  10. Report - state or retell objectively
  11. Restate - repeat
  12. Review - personal commentary on something (subjective)
  13. Select - choose
  14. Translate - decipher, figure out 
  • Testing Application
  1. Apply - use what you know to…
  2. Choose - select
  3. Demonstrate - show that you know, understand
  4. Illustrate - give an example, draw
  5. Interpret - read and understand the intended meaning
  6. Schedule - place in date/time order
  7. Sketch - draw
  8. Solve - complete a working out to find the answer
  • Testing Analysis
  1. Analyze - break up into its parts
  2. Calculate - work out using figures
  3. Categorize - place in correct group
  4. Compare, contrast - discuss the similarities and differences of 2 things
  5. Criticize - look at problems/weak areas and discuss
  6. Differentiate, discriminate - look at differences
  7. Examine - look at in detail
  8. Question - inquire for information (doubt)
  • Testing Synthesis
  1. Arrange, assemble - place in order for meaning
  2. Compose, collect, construct - make up
  3. Create, design, develop, formulate, set up - create from own mind (imagination)
  4. Manage, organize - place in own order for meaning (reason)
  5. Plan - prepare
  6. Propose - suggest (personal opinion)
  • Testing Evaluation
  1. Argue - your point (positive or negative)
  2. Assess - look at pos/neg critically (objectively)
  3. Attach - add to
  4. Choose - pick
  5. Compare - show differences/similarities
  6. Defend - take a side and argue your point
  7. Estimate - have a good guess
  8. Judge - make a decision, determine something
  9. Predict - guess the future outcome
  10. Rate - score out of…
  11. Select - choose
  12. Support - pick a side and give positive information
  13. Evaluate - look at value of argument
  • Thinking Skills Needed to Answer Test Questions
  1. Classifying - seeing groups
  2. Comparing - seeing same /different
  3. Patterning - seeing commonality
  4. Sequencing - seeing order
  5. Cause & Effect Reasoning - seeing consequences
  6. Labeling
  7. Observing - looking for information
  8. Logical Thinking - reasoning
  9. Deductive Reasoning - good guess of the result
  10. Inferring - a good guess of what it means
  11. Forecasting - a good guess of the future
  12. Planning - preparing
  13. Hypothesizing - reasoning for the future
  14. Eliminating - getting rid of less important info
  15. Judging - making a decision
  16. Discriminating - seeing differences
  17. Imagining - using your own thought
  18. Creating - making something new
  19. Copying - exact replica
  20. Remembering - recalling
  21. Trying - giving your best
  22. Closing - filling in the gaps
  23. Summarizing - finding the main ideas
Guessing can only be completed successfully when it is an educated guess!

Riglyne vir die skryf van 'n vraestel

Ontspan, as jy gespanne is kan jy nie met ‘n “oop” kop dink nie.
  • Lees eers jou vraestel deur:
  1. Moenie dadelik begin skryf nie, lees eers die hele vraestel deur.
  2. Kyk hoeveel punte ‘n vraag tel en besluit dan hoeveel tyd jy op elke vraag gaan spandeer.  Moenie te veel tyd mors op vrae wat min punte tel nie.
  3. Lees die vrae twee keer deur.
  4. Lees die volgende vraag eers deur voordat jy die eerste vraag beantwoord, dit help dikwels om te verduidelik wat in die eerste vraag gevra word, veral wanneer jy ‘n begripstoets beantwoord.
  5. Wanneer jy langer vrae beantwoord skryf sleutelwoorde neer, dit sal jou help met die beplanning van jou antwoord asook herinner wat jou antwoord was.
  • Beantwoording van vrae:
  1. Beantwoord al die vrae. As dit nodig is, raai wat die antwoord is. Merk die vraag en as jy klaar is met jou vraestel kom terug na daardie vrae wat jy gemerk het en kyk of jy nie die antwoord onthou nie.
  2. Glo jou instink, jou eerste antwoord is dikwels die regte een. Moenie sommer antwoorde verander nie, tensy jy 100% seker is dat die nuwe antwoord korrek is.
  3. Lees jou antwoord deur, voor jy met die volgende vraag aangaan. Verbeel jouself ‘n vreemdeling lees die antwoord, sal hy weet wat jy bedoel, maak jou antwoord sin?
  4. Skryf duidelik. As die antwoord moeilik leesbaar is of moeilik is om te verstaan, is die antwoord dikwels verkeerd.
  • Meervuldige keuse / Waar en Onwaar:
  1. Met meervuldige keuse vrae, lees die vraag deur, dink aan die antwoord en lees dan eers die verkillende opsies deur.
  2. Onthou: elke deel van jou keuse moet korrek wees vir ‘n “waar” antwoord.
  3. As jy nodig het om te raai, besluit eers watter jy dink is definitief verkeerd en maak dan ‘n keuse tussen die wat oorbly.
  4. As jy regtig nie weet nie, kies “waar” dis meestal die korrekte een.
  5. Wanneer jy klaar is met jou vraestel, lees die antwoorde weer deur, jy kan dalk antwoorde onthou soos jy die vraestel skryf of daar is soms antwoorde in die vraestel self - wees dus wakker!
  • Beantwoording van vrae:
  1. Wanneer jy woorde moet invul wat weggelaat is, kyk na die word voor die opening, dit mag jou ‘n leidraad gee ten opsigte van die antwoord wat gesoek word (soos ‘n, die, hulle, hy, sy, ens.)
  2. Wanneer jy kolomme bymekaar moet pas, lees beide kolomme eers deur, maak dan die maklike vergelykings eerste, en trek hulle dood sodat jy weet watter opsies nog beskikbaar is.
  3. Wanneer jy langvrae doen, lees die vraag ‘n paar keer deur en maak seker dat jy weet oor watter onderwerp jy moet skryf. Onderstreep elke deel van die vraag wat beantwoord moet word, en maak seker dat jy dit beantwoord. Beplan jou antwoord en maak seker dat wat jy dink is korrek, duidelik uitgedruk word. Probeer om altyd ‘n begin, middel en einde te hê, onthou dit moet deel vorm van die vraag!
Sterkte, probeer jou bes!...
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